Elephant Documents Page 1

Congressional Research Service - Report for Congress
African Elephant Issues: CITES and CAMPFIRE

M. Lynne Corn & Susan R. Fletcher
Enivronmental and Natural Resources Division
August 5, 1997
97-752 ENR
SummaryThe conservation of African elephants has been controversial recently on two fronts: the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES, to ch the United States is a party), and a Zimbabwean program for sustainable development called CAMPFIRE, which is partially funded by the U.S. Agency for nternational Development (USAID).

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African Elephants and the 14th meeting of the Conference of the Parties to CITES, The Hague, Netherlands, 03 15 June 2007
1. What happened at CoP13?
South Africa's proposal to allow trade in hide and leather goods" without restriction for non-commercial poses" was readily accepted. It is generally zed hat such trade does not produce negative conservation impacts on elephants. Namibia's amendment proposal met with partial success.

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Self-recognition in an Asian elephant
Joshua M. Plotnik, Frans B. M. de Waal, and Diana Reiss
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Living Links, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, and Department of Psychology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322; Osborn Laboratories of Marine ces, New York Aquarium, Wildlife Conservation Society, Brooklyn, NY 11224; and Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Environmental Biology, Columbia y, New York, NY 10027 Contributed by Frans B. M. de Waal, September 13, 2006 Considered an indicator of self-awareness, mirror self-recognition (MSR) has ng seemed limited to humans and apes. In both phylogeny and human ontogeny, MSR is thought to correlate with higher forms of empathy and altruistic behavior.

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Elephants evolve to beat poachers
Despite serious attempts at putting an end to elephant poaching, the disappearance of the species in various parts of the world continues to be reported. er, evolution has come to the rescue of this magnificent animal, with a reduction in its physical size and the length of its tusks, giving it added camouflage advantage and lower physical attractiveness, says Gargee Borah

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